MultiLit is a research initiative of Macquarie University, Sydney
Since 1990, a research team led by Professor Kevin Wheldall AM from Macquarie University Special Education Centre (MUSEC) has been researching how best to teach children who struggle to learn to read and more effective ways of managing children’s behaviour in the classroom.
In 1995, Professor Wheldall launched the Making Up Lost Time In Literacy (or MultiLit) Initiative at MUSEC as a focus for a program of research and product development. The MultiLit Research Unit was established in 2006 within MultiLit as the focus for continuing research.
The early MultiLit research (1996 – 1998) is detailed in the report commissioned by the Commonwealth Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs (DETYA, now DEEWR) entitled An Evaluation of MultiLit (Wheldall & Beaman, 2000).
An independent evaluation of MiniLit was undertaken the NSW Department of Education and Evidence for Learning, with the results published in 2019.
MultiLit has as its core belief the conviction that effective instruction is the key to growth in any area of the curriculum. Our aim is to bring about learning by whatever means scientific research has shown to be most effective. We subscribe to a continually evolving approach to literacy instruction, changing as more scientific evidence becomes available from either within the MultiLit research team or from the international scientific reading research community.
MultiLit Research Unit (MRU)
The MultiLit Research Unit (MRU) was established within MultiLit in 2006 to coordinate continuing research into effective instruction for low-progress readers. The MRU is directed by Emeritus Professor Kevin Wheldall AM and Dr Robyn Wheldall is the Deputy Director.
Other members of MRU include:
- Dr Alison Madelaine
- Dr Meree Reynolds
- Dr Jennifer Buckingham
- Dr Nicola Bell
- Dr Anna Desjardins (Notley)
- Sarah Arakelian
One of the main aims of the MRU is to research the efficacy of MultiLit instructional programs. In 2021, in-house trials were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of MiniLit Sage (see summary here) and MultiLit’s new program, LanguageLift. Research was also conducted to examine the validity of the Wheldall Sentence Comprehension Screener (WSCS) and a revised nonword reading assessment tool.
What’s New at MRU?
Recent news from MRU includes:
- In 2021, journal articles by MRU members were accepted for publication in the Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties and the Australian Journal of Education. See below for details.
- Two books edited by MRU members are currently in preparation for publication in 2022. The first (edited by Kevin Wheldall, Robyn Wheldall and Jennifer Buckingham) is an accessible, up-to-date guide to evidence-informed practices in teaching reading and spelling. The second (edited by Kevin Wheldall and Nicola Bell) is a compilation of prose-style journal articles that have been published by experts in the field of reading research.
- Dr Jennifer Buckingham from the MRU has been quoted in recent articles in The Sydney Morning Herald, The Australian, The Daily Telegraph, and The West Australian.
Recent research publications
Bell, N., & Wheldall, K. (in press). Factors contributing to reading comprehension in children with varying degrees of word-level proficiency. Australian Journal of Education. Click to view accepted manuscript
Reynolds, M., Buckingham, J., Madelaine, A., Arakelian, S., Bell, N., Pogorzelski, S., Wheldall, R., & Wheldall, K. (2021). What we have learned: Implementing MiniLit as an intervention with young struggling readers. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/19404158.2021.1989605
Pogorzelski, S., Main, S., & Hill, S. (2021). A survey of Western Australian teachers’ use of texts in supporting beginning readers. Issues in Educational Research, 31(1), 204-223. http://www.iier.org.au/iier31/pogorzelski.pdf
Meeks, L., Madelaine, A., & Kemp, C. (2020). Research and theory into practice: Australian preservice teachers’ knowledge of evidence-based early literacy instruction. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 25(2), 215-233. https://doi.org/10.1080/19404158.2020.1832128 Click to view accepted manuscript
Buckingham, J. (2020). Direct instruction in very remote schools: A rejoinder to Guenther and Osborne (2020). Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 49(2), 171-172. https://doi.org/10.1017/jie.2020.18
Wheldall, K., & Bell, N. (2020). Recent advances in reading instruction. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 37(2), 95-96. https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2020.22 Click to view accepted manuscript
Wheldall, K., Wheldall, R., Bell, N., & Buckingham, J. (2020). Researching the efficacy of a reading intervention: An object lesson. The Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 37(2), 147-151. https://doi.org/10.1017/edp.2020.17 Click to view accepted manuscript
Conference paper presentations
Buckingham, J. (2021, October 13). Need to know or nice to know: What is at the heart of the science of reading for teachers? [Video conference presentation]. The Reading League Annual Conference.
Buckingham, J. (2021, September 13). No time to lose: Effective reading instruction to work towards 100% literacy [Video conference presentation]. 100% Literacy Alliance.
Buckingham, J. (2021, March 2). Reading instruction in Australia: What has been achieved and what remains to be done [Video conference presentation]. Eszterházy Károly University, Hungary, International Week.
Madelaine, A. (2021, January 23). Levelling up: Has the concept of instructional levels in reading stood the test of time? [Conference presentation]. Learning Difficulties Australia National Conference 2021: Science of Learning – Theory into Practice, Sydney, Australia.
Publications by members of the MultiLit Research Unit:
- Academic journal articles
- Books, published reports and edited special issues of journals
- Chapters in edited books
- Conference papers
- Instructional materials
- Other public output
- Unpublished research reports
Copies of most of the research articles are available on request from MultiLit Pty Ltd. Contact MultiLit.
Nomanis is a magazine targeted towards educationalists interested in reading instruction and development. Nomanis is published twice yearly.
All issues can be found here.
Nomanis Notes are written for use by parents, educators and other professionals who work with children. They contain concise descriptions of the evidence pertaining to specific educational practices, some of which may be regarded as controversial. Many of the articles consist of revised and updated versions of the MUSEC Briefings, previously published by Macquarie University Special Education Centre. All Nomanis Notes can be found here.
MultiLit Evaluation Report
The early research on MultiLit (1996 – 1998) is detailed in the published research report commissioned by the Commonwealth Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs (DETYA, now DEEWR) entitled ‘An Evaluation of MultiLit’ (Wheldall & Beaman, 2000).
The Evaluation Report contains the theoretical background to the MultiLit Reading Tutor Program in addition to providing detailed outcome studies for a number of MultiLit efficacy studies carried out between the years 1996-1998.
Click here to download a PDF copy of the Executive Summary of the Report.
Limited copies of the complete report are available from MultiLit Pty Ltd. Please contact us for a copy.
Wheldall, K., & Beaman, R. (2000). An evaluation of MultiLit: ‘Making Up Lost Time In Literacy’. Canberra: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs.
MultiLit partnered with the NSW Department of Education and Evidence for Learning to undertake an independent evaluation of our literacy intervention program for struggling Year 1 readers, MiniLit, in 2017.
The evaluation was conducted by researchers from the Melbourne Graduate School of Education at the University of Melbourne, and the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute. The study found MiniLit had positive effects on foundational reading skills.
Read a summary of the research from the University of Melbourne and MCRI team: Click here
Read MultiLit’s two-page explainer, highlighting the key findings of the study: Click here
Read an extended analysis of the evaluation and its results from the MultiLit Research Unit: Click here
Watch a video on how MiniLit works and the research behind the program: Click here
In MultiLit Research
In my research career, spanning over 37 years now, I have had little time for so-called pure research. I have had my more esoteric moments (researching eye widening and eyebrow raising in response to surprise in nursery school children, for example!) but they have been rare. There has simply been too much to be done…
Contact Kevin Wheldall Kevin Wheldalls Blog Follow Kevin on Twitter Anyone who has spent time in hospital will be well aware of the importance doctors and nurses attach to the continual monitoring of ‘vital signs’: body temperature, heart rate (pulse) and blood pressure. Measurement of these vital signs can be achieved very quickly, easily and…
MultiLit partnered with the NSW Department of Education and Evidence for Learning to undertake an evaluation of our literacy intervention program for struggling Year 1 readers, MiniLit, in 2017. The independent evaluation was conducted by researchers from the Melbourne Graduate School of Eduction at the University of Melbourne, and the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute. The…
MultiLit is committed to the promotion of scientific evidence-based best practice. The development of our programs is predicated on the best available scientific research evidence and we endeavour to provide evidence for the efficacy of our programs. Do you have research evidence to support the efficacy of MacqLit?MacqLit was developed over a period of more than…
Return to Research Publications Instructional Materials: 2000-2018 MultiLit. (2019). InitiaLit Year 2: Whole class initial instruction in literacy. Sydney: MultiLit Pty Ltd.MultiLit. (2018). InitiaLit Year 1: Whole class initial instruction in literacy. Sydney: MultiLit Pty Ltd.MultiLit. (2017). InitiaLit Foundation: Whole class initial instruction in literacy. Sydney: MultiLit Pty Ltd.MultiLit. (2016). MacqLit: The Macquarie literacy program…
Return to Research Publications Books, Published Reports and Edited Special Issues of Journals: 2000-2017 Wheldall, K., Wheldall, R., & Kohnen, S. (Eds.). (2015). Spelling [Special issue]. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 20(1).Wheldall, K. (Ed.). (2012). The behaviourist in the classroom. London: Routledge. (Republished)Wheldall, K. (Ed.). (2010). Developments in educational psychology (second edition). London: Routledge.Wheldall, K.,…
Return to Research Publications Chapters in Edited Books: 2000-2017 Wheldall, K., Wheldall, R., Madelaine, A., Reynolds, M., & Arakelian, S. ‘Just teach our kids to read’: Efficacy of intensive reading interventions for both younger and older low-progress readers in schools serving remote Aboriginal communities. Manuscript submitted. Buckingham, J., Wheldall, R., & Wheldall, K. (submitted). Systematic…
Return to Research Publications Acquiring Knowledge in Speech, Language and Hearing Sharma, M., Purdy, S. C., Wheldall, K., Newall, P., & Beaman, R. (2007). An auditory basis for reading disability in some children? ACQuiring Knowledge in Speech, Language and Hearing, 9(2), 56-59. Asia Pacific Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Lee, L. W., Wheldall, K.,…
Return to Research Publications Other Public Ouput: 2000-2018 Wheldall, K., & Carter, M. (2018). Nomanis Notes: Is the concept of learning styles useful? Nomanis, 6, 31.Wheldall, K. (2018). Achieving whole-school support for students with learning difficulties: 10 things to consider. Nomanis, 6, 4-5.Buckingham, J., & Wheldall, K. (2018). South Australia’s trial of England’s year one…
Return to Research Publications Unpublished Research Reports: 2000-2017 MultiLit Research Unit. (2018). The Bill Crews Charitable Trust MultiLit Literacy Centres: Semester 2, 2017. Unpublished research report submitted to the Bill Crews Charitable Trust. Sydney: MultiLit Research Unit.MultiLit Research Unit. (2017). The Bill Crews Charitable Trust MultiLit Literacy Centres: Semester 2, 2016. Unpublished research report submitted…